Can you get pregnant again after having an abortion?

Misinformation stigmatizes and confuses those who desire to take control of their reproductive health. One of the most common myths states that you can lose the ability to get pregnant after having an abortion. 

However, the fact is that research has clearly shown that there is no direct correlation between abortions and complications for future pregnancies. A properly conducted abortion does not have a long-term impact on your fertility. 

After the procedure, your hormonal cycle will return to normal, and your period will likely appear within a few weeks. It is entirely possible to become pregnant right after an abortion; that’s why using a contraceptive method after your abortion to protect against pregnancy is highly encouraged. 

Having an abortion is a medical process with emotional implications. Although your body may be prepared for a pregnancy, it could take some time for you to feel comfortable enough to try to get pregnant again. 

Talk about your plans for the future with your doctor and loved ones. Having the right support and care will help you navigate these decisions confidently.

What complications could arise after having an abortion?

Side effects like bleeding, cramping, and contractions are expected after taking the abortion pill and may continue for up to 5 hours. You may also experience an upset stomach, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, and mild fevers. Don’t be alarmed by these signs since they usually disappear on their own after a day or two.

To feel more comfortable during the process, we recommend taking your regular over-the-counter pain medication, drinking lots of water, and applying heating pads.

The risk of developing serious complications after an abortion is very rare but still possible. It largely depends on what kind of abortion you opt for because the risk is significantly lower with a medication abortion.

Possible Complications After a Surgical Abortion

Before a surgical abortion procedure, you may be advised to take medication to prepare your body and soften your cervix. Although it might take your body a couple of hours to be ready, the surgical procedure usually takes less than 20 minutes.

In rare cases, a surgical abortion could scar the uterus and lead to problems when trying to get pregnant in the future. However, when your abortion is carried out by a licensed and experienced doctor, the risk of developing this complication is very low.

Possible Complications After a Medication Abortion

Although complications are rare with a medication abortion, we suggest talking to your doctor if:

  • You soak through two menstrual pads in less than two hours
  • You experience itching or hives
  • You have facial swelling or difficulty breathing after taking the medications

Remember that these complications are rare and appear in less than 1% of cases. No lasting damage occurs when the procedure is performed correctly, and any discomfort you experience should disappear within 48 hours. 

Does the risk of having a miscarriage increase after an abortion?

A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of pregnancy before the 20th week. It may be caused by hormonal imbalances, uterine abnormalities, or health conditions like diabetes. 

In rare cases, a miscarriage could happen after surgical complications like uterus scarring. However, when performed by an experienced healthcare provider with proper care, an abortion will not prevent you from enjoying a healthy pregnancy in the future.

How long after having an abortion is it safe to have sex?

After any medical procedure, your body may need some time to recover fully. Allowing yourself time to rest after an abortion will ensure your well-being while reducing the risk of complications. 

Your doctor may suggest you wait one to two weeks after an abortion to resume sexual activity. This helps reduce the risk of infection and will allow your body to heal properly. 

Deciding to have sex after having an abortion is a personal decision. If you feel ready to engage in sexual activity but do not wish to become pregnant, discuss your contraception options with your doctor.

How long should I wait after having an abortion to try getting pregnant?

Having an abortion doesn’t mean you can’t plan to become pregnant in the future. Your body can conceive whenever your ovulation cycle comes again. However, there are multiple factors you should consider before taking this important decision:

  • Emotional health: An abortion can have a significant mental impact on you. Healing from that experience will require time and support from those who love you. Having patience with your emotions throughout this journey is key.
  • Physical recovery: Particularly after a surgical abortion, your body may need time to recover properly. Taking care of your mind and body will help you deal with this experience in the healthiest way possible. 

An abortion isn’t a setback in your future plans. On the contrary, it allows you to align your life with your personal desires. Talk to your doctor about your reproductive goals and seek guidance to achieve them.

#LC4W: Your Partner in Reproductive Health

At #LC4W, we are committed to supporting you through your reproductive health journey. Your decisions and experiences are unique to you, and we want you to know that you are part of a community that understands and cares. 

We offer accessible, confidential, and comprehensive abortion-care services, including medication resources, professional counseling, and a crisis hotline available 24/7.

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